(CNN Espanol) – Images They affected the world. Thousands of people gathered at Kabul airport to flee Afghanistan. Some even got stuck on planes moving on the runway.
The interior of a packed military cargo plane carrying about 640 Afghans from Kabul to Qatar on Sunday showed a viral image.
Where will they go if they can escape from the Taliban regime?
The answer is complex. To begin with, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) issued a repeated notice to Afghanistan on Monday. That is, he called for “a ban on the forced return of Afghan citizens, including asylum seekers whose applications have been rejected.”
“States have a legal and moral responsibility to protect those fleeing Afghanistan and to allow the forcible repatriation of refugees,” UNHCR spokeswoman Shabia Mantou told a news conference.
According to UNHCR data, 80% of the nearly a quarter of a million Afghans forced to leave by the end of May 2021 are women and children.
The organization demonstrates that Afghans have been experiencing a displacement crisis for four decades. Meanwhile, more than 550,000 Afghans have been displaced as refugees since early 2021. Meanwhile, the UNHCR says a total of 72,375 Afghan refugees are in Afghanistan and 2,215,445 in Iran and Pakistan.
UNHCR envoy to Afghanistan Carolyn Van Brain told CNN’s Robin Karno on Sunday that 20,000 to 30,000 people leave the country every week.
Refugees from the United States and Afghanistan
According to CNN reportedAs the situation in Afghanistan has worsened in recent days, the Department of Homeland Security has begun work to expedite the process for applicants for special Afghan immigrant visas.
According to Gary Reid, Led by the Pentagon’s special immigration visa initiative, asked the Department of Defense to assist the Department of State with a special immigration visa program “to expedite the process due to delays”
Meanwhile, the Biden administration called on federal staff of U.S. citizenship and immigration services to support the relocation of Afghanistan to help the United States, a notice sent to a section of staff this Monday and was known to CNN.
On the other hand, the Department of Defense said Transfer 30,000 applicants Special visas for immigrants from the United States to Afghanistan have been confirmed by Pentagon Press Secretary John Kirby to CNN. In that regard, he said, Fort Bliss in Texas and Fort McCoy in Wisconsin have the potential to place these applicants.
Refugees to India
CNN reports that the Indian embassy will continue its electronic emergency visa process for Afghan nationals interested in leaving the country for India.
Turkey, meanwhile, has said it will work with Pakistan to help stabilize Afghanistan. In this way, it aims to stem the new wave of Afghan immigrants.
According to the state-run Anatolian News Agency, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said his country was “facing waves of Afghan immigrants via Iran.”
Pakistan, which is facing a refugee crisis in Afghanistan, is calling for an international program. Moid Yousuf, the national security adviser to the Pakistani prime minister, told a news conference that there should be an “international dialogue” on crisis management.
“Who’s going to pay for this … where are the displaced people going, who’s going to take the initiative?” He asked.
Uganda offers accommodation
Uganda will temporarily treat 2,000 refugees fleeing Taliban’s takeover in Afghanistan at the request of the U.S. government, said Minister of State for Assistance, Disaster Preparation and Refugees Esther Anyagun Davina.
The refugees, who will travel in groups of 500 at a time, are expected to arrive Tuesday, Davina told CNN.
With the help of the UN Refugee Agency and other government agencies, hundreds of refugees will be documented and screened after three months before being resettled elsewhere.
According to the UN Refugee Agency, Uganda is the largest refugee country in Africa and the fourth largest in the world, with 1.4 million refugees.
Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has revealed his government’s intention to temporarily treat Afghan citizens who worked for the European Union.
“Spain offers EU High Representative Joseph Borel to work for the EU to hold Afghanistan temporarily before it can be distributed to member states,” Sanchez tweeted on Tuesday.
The prime minister’s comments came after a virtual meeting of EU foreign ministers to discuss the current situation in Afghanistan.
In an earlier statement, EU foreign affairs chief Joseph Borel said member states would make “all possible efforts” to ensure the safety of all Afghan citizens working in the EU.
With information from Celine Alcalti, Vedika Sood, Swati Gupta, Ellie Kaufman, Michael Conte, Bethlehem Fleck and Claudia Repasa, Nada Bashir and Scott McLean D CNN.