Eclipses are spectacular astronomical events in which the light from a celestial body is blocked, either entirely or partially, by another object in line of sight from Earth. The term “eclipse,” from the Greek “ekleipsis,” means “disappearance” or “giving away” and describes the phenomenon in which light is temporarily blocked by the relative position of objects in space.
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These events are divided into two types: solar eclipses and lunar eclipses. What is the difference between them?
A solar eclipse occurs when the moon comes between the earth and the sun, partially or completely blocking the sunlight. This happens during the new moon phase, when the moon is directly between our planet and the sun. Since the apparent diameter of the Moon is roughly equal to that of the Sun (from our perspective on Earth), the Moon can hide the Sun completely in a total solar eclipse or only partially in a partial solar eclipse.
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