This is how science and technology law works

One of the great lessons of this pandemic is the importance of investing in it SciencesAnd the technology And the CooperatBecause in addition to helping to overcome health emergencies, such as yours COVID-19It promotes the overall development of the country.

However, Mexico has historical debt With this sector, because he’s never given it Necessary importance. Although an important step was achieved in 2019 when Article 3 of the Mexican Constitution was amended in Section V, to raise the right of Mexicans to enjoy the benefits of developing Sciences and the Cooperat technologyThis is not finished.

The goal was to spread Science and Technology Law In February 2020, but more than 17 months later, the new law is still pending. Currently, there are three Initiatives presented in The Senate of the Republic: one by Jorge Carlos Ramirez Marin, from PRI; Another is from José Alberto Galarza Villaseñor, from Movimiento Ciudadano, and another one is from Ana Lilia Rivera Rivera, from Morena.

What do each of the proposals consist of? Here we explain.

1. Initiating a draft decree promulgating the General Law for Science, Technology and Innovation and repealing the Science and Technology Law. (Senator Jorge Carlos Ramirez Marin)

  • Establishes a new public science, technology and innovation law that establishes, as the focus of Economic growth s socialand scientific, technological and innovative research.
  • Set the number general advice as a member of Policy Coordination, representative of the three levels of government.
  • Look strategic framework Science, technology and innovation as a national tool in which policies and priorities are set International Trade Center In the short, medium and long term.
  • Encourages the creation of new business based on science and technology or expansion and diversification Existing, as part of national, regional and local economic development.
  • Set the number Advisory Board As a permanent advisory body to National Science, Technology and Innovation System.
  • It includes evaluation processes that allow measuring the economic and social effectiveness of the public resources used, as well as evaluation processes themselves, as a form of continuous improvement.
  • Create a file Integrated National Information System On scientific research, technological development and innovation.
  • Create a file National Conference Science, technology and innovation as a permanent example of institutional coordination between the federal government, federal agencies and municipalities.
  • Find the three orders of Governmentin their areas of specialization Competitionwill promote to Cooperat and technological development that promote decentralization and concurrent jurisdiction in the exercise of procedures in this regard.
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2. Initiating a draft decree repealing the Science and Technology Law and issuing the General Law for Science, Technology and Innovation. (Senator Jose Alberto Gallarza Villasinor)

  • Set the number general advice as a member of Policy And coordination, representative of the three government orders.
  • Look strategic framework Science, technology and innovation, as a national tool that Policies and Priorities CTI in the short, medium and long term.
  • Determines the possibility of promoting business Scientific cooperationAnd the technology and innovation at the international level.
  • Set the number Advisory Board As a permanent advisory body to the National Science, Technology and Innovation System.
  • Create a file Integrated National Information System On scientific research, technological development and innovation.
  • merge National Register of Enterprises s comp Scientific and technological.
  • Create a file National Conference Science, technology and innovation as a permanent example of institutional coordination between the federal government, federal agencies and municipalities.
  • Decides that the three levels of government, in their respective areas of competence, will promote innovation and technological development, and promote decentralization and simultaneous competition in doing business In this regard.
  • Establishes the National Strategic Committee as the body responsible for establishing Coordination Mechanisms between members of the system and the public, social and private sectors.
  • Create a file Federal Strategic Committee As an example of coordination between entities and dependencies of Federal Public Administration With members of the national system and public sectors.
  • Establishes the establishment of the National Bank of The development of science, technology and innovation As a national credit community, as an entity of the Federal Public Administration for the financing of science, technology and innovation projects.
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3 – Initiation of a draft decree promulgating a law on human sciences and technologies (Senator Ana Lilia Rivera Rivera)

  • Create a file Humanities LawAnd the science and technology In order to lay the foundations on which the various social forms of human knowledge must be promoted and protected, including the celebration of actions advance consultation with cities and Indigenous communities.
  • enhances transformation the National Council Science and Technology, to be transferred to the National Council for the Humanities, Science and Technology, which will continue to be a decentralized public body from Mexican Statenon-sectoral, with legal personality and private heritage.
  • In the content of the initiative it is noted that the tasks, integration and requirements that the head of the National Council must have Humanitiesscience and technology.
  • It is proposed that the National Council for the Humanities, Science and Technology absorb jobs science coordinationTechnology and Innovation Office of the Presidency and those of the Scientific Advisory Board.
  • It is proposed to renew upgrade mechanisms and tools Support the Humanitiesscience and technology.
  • It is proposed to reorganize the funds and conduct a comprehensive review of them trust agreements With a view to making its management effective, avoiding waste and exercising greater control and vigilance over the use of resources.
  • Two types of funds are created: the funds responsible for CONAHCYT and funds responsible for public research centers.
  • He suggests replacing management agreements with institutional development programmes, which will allow centers more control and administrative autonomy.
  • The commitments of the National Council for the Humanities, Science and Technologies are expected to integrate, generate and coordinate examples, spaces and mechanisms of substantive consultation and participation academic community.
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You can also read: Science, Technology and Innovation Without Aim Law

Myrtle Frost

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