Living in space can cure many diseases, according to NASA experiments

A few months ago, On March 4, 2024, NASA's SpaceX Crew 8 mission was successfully launched. The rocket was launched from the Kennedy Space Center in the United States, carrying a crew of three astronauts and an astronaut. One of the goals of the trip was to develop more than 200 scientific experiments, in order to solve questions related to the human body and various diseases.

“There are about 200 scientific experiments. “Many things we dreamed of in the old days are starting to come true: the use of protein crystal growth, and medical research on the use and growth of stem cells in microgravity,” explained NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. “Florida Today”.

According to an overview of the mission, published by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Experiments will also include using stem cells to create organoid models to study degenerative diseases and studying the effects of microgravity and ultraviolet radiation on plants at the cellular level. According to Nelson, they will scan the brain and focus on finding treatments for cancer and bone loss.

Currently, the results of scientific experiments for this mission are still awaited. but, Previous research has shown the benefit of living in space in understanding diseases and health conditions.

While traveling into space, Astronauts are affected by microgravity, radiation, and isolation. Some of the changes in their bodies resemble health problems associated with aging or a sedentary lifestyle.

“Scientific experiments conducted with astronauts in space are improving our understanding of medical conditions on Earth,” a CSA press release said.

Living in space to develop osteoporosis treatments

NASA explained that For every month they spend in space, astronauts lose 1% of bone density from weight-bearing bones. This is because on Earth we are constantly working and stimulating ourselves through movement, but conditions during space travel are different.

See also  Women, science and something else

Therefore, experiments were conducted on mice to search for solutions. Scientists Emily German Lee and Si-Jin Lee developed an experiment in the International Space Station laboratory on the effect of microgravity on rodents.

(We recommend reading: The 16-year-old Colombian who will be at NASA after designing an app for the deaf.)

The team's findings, published in the journal PNAS, revealed that inhibiting the protein provides significant protection against muscle and bone loss in microgravity. Findings that could lead to new treatments for patients on Earth.

The results showed that, Lee explained Blocking the activities of myostatin and activin A can improve muscle and bone functionEven when the mice cannot bear the weight.

“Targeting this pathway could be used to help people with disuse atrophy, especially older adults and those who are bedridden or wheelchair-bound. It may also be beneficial for those suffering from muscle and bone loss due to conditions such as muscular dystrophy, osteoporosis, cancer, heart disease, sepsis, and AIDS.“He pointed to me.

The effect of microgravity on cancer cells

A press release from the International Space Station (ISS) laboratory shared the results of the study Experiments of doctor Luis Zeaa researcher at BioServe Space Technologies.

He explained in his work that cells growing in space are organized into three-dimensional groups, which is similar to what happens in the human body. His research highlighted how A microgravity environment can help scientists identify cellular changes that cause cancer, which could lead to new treatments that improve patients' quality of life or develop preventative measures.

See also  Focusing on Science: Winners of a Scientific Photographic Contest Tell the Secrets Behind Their Works | the daily

Video: The amazing experience of a Colombian in space

More news in EL TIEMPO

Myrtle Frost

"Reader. Evil problem solver. Typical analyst. Unapologetic internet ninja."

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top