That means what, when, where and what restrictions are in place

(CNN Spanish) — It is facing a major political crisis after the impeachment of the former president Pedro CastilloAfter attempting to dissolve Congress – before facing a vacancy resolution against him – He was removed from office Y He was arrested last weekCharged with sedition and conspiracy.

Protest at Rodriguez Ballon International Airport. File photo (Photo by DIEGO RAMOS/AFP/Getty Images)

These events created discontent among some of Castillo’s supporters, who took to the streets in various provinces in the interior of the country to demand the resignation of current President Tina Poluarte. Social unrest brewing in Peru has claimed several lives, injured dozens, and closed at least two of the country’s major airports due to attacks against their infrastructure.

In response to the current crisis, Defense Minister Alberto Otterola announced this Wednesday The government agreed to declare a state of emergency In all countries. Otarola told reporters that the national action meant “suspending the rights of assembly, inviolability of housing, freedom of movement, freedom of assembly, liberty and personal security.”

But what exactly does a state of emergency mean for residents, and what restrictions will come into effect?

State of emergency in Peru

A lot of protests

Institutions are guarded and guarded by the military after violent protests in Arequipa, Peru on December 14, 2022. Credit: Diego Ramos/AFP/Getty Images

According to Peru’s constitution, the government can decree a state of emergency “in the event of a disturbance of peace or internal order, a disaster or serious circumstances affecting the life of the nation.”

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And according to the Supreme Decree Published on WednesdayThe Emergency Act applies to the entire national territory.

How long will it last?

The decree indicates that the state of emergency will be valid for 30 days. At that time, Peru’s National Police, supported by the armed forces, will be responsible for guaranteeing, maintaining and restoring control of internal order.

Five business days after the end of the state of emergency, the National Police must submit a detailed report on the actions taken during the state of emergency and the results established by the government.

What is suspended during an emergency?

During the state of emergency, constitutional rights related to freedom of home, freedom of movement across national borders, freedom of assembly and personal freedom and security The Article 2 of the Political Constitution of Peru:

9. For inviolability of home. Except in flagrant delict or extreme danger, no person shall enter upon it, or make inquiries or searches therein, without the consent of the occupant, or without the order of a court. Exceptions for reasons of health or serious risk are regulated by law.

11. to choose their place of residence, and to pass through, leave, and enter the national territory, notwithstanding the limitations of health or court order or the application of immigration law.

12. To meet peacefully without arms. No advance notice is required for meetings on private premises or open to the public. Assemblies in public squares and thoroughfares require advance notice from the authority to prohibit them only on demonstrable grounds of public safety or health.

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24. (F) Personal Liberty and Security. In flagrant delicto no one can be detained except by a written and motivated order of a judge or police officer.

The decree does not establish a national curfew, but freedom of assembly is suspended.

Claudia Rebaza contributed to this report.

Eden Hayes

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