Violent Tonga volcanic eruption, Which caused a tsunami in the Pacific Ocean on Saturday, which was the loudest since the eruption of the legendary Indonesian volcano Krakatoa in 1883 and affected the planet’s temperature, according to New Zealand volcanologists.
The eruption of the Hanga Tonga-Hunga Hapai, an underwater volcano located in Tonga’s waters, caused recorded atmospheric waves around the Earth and is still “circling the world,” the GNS Geological Survey said in a statement. Science.
“It was heard as far south as New Zealand and as far as Alaska, Heading north, “said expert Steve Sherburn, adding that according to initial data, the column of smoke and ash had reached a height of 30 kilometers.
Sherburn explains that this is caused by the “low frequency” waves caused by the eruption and that they can travel “thousands of kilometers from the source” and are characterized by the eruption of the Tongan volcano. “Most asked” in the world.
Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai exploded The two islands around it practically disappeared, Created the tsunami, which affected many countries bathed in the Pacific Ocean Waves up to 15 meters in Tonga, The United States, Chile, Japan and Australia.
Between the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Java, a natural phenomenon caused by an unregistered volcano from the eruption of Krakatoa erupted in 1883 with a tsunami with waves of up to 40 meters. Global temperatures will drop by 1.2 degrees.
Prior to scientific studies, the eruption of Krakatoa produced an unprecedented louder sound and produced a gray column reaching a height of 80 km.
Six days after the disaster, Tonga begins to emerge from a state of isolation in which an explosion sinks it, cutting off communication cables with the island nation, and the first shipments of humanitarian aid begin to arrive.
The Red Cross estimates that about 80,000 of the country’s 105,000 people have been affected by the disaster, where water supply is a priority due to pollution.