(CNN Spanish) — In 2024, a woman could become president of Mexico for the first time in the country’s history. Claudia Scheinbaum won the selection process for the candidate of the ruling Morena party and faces Xóchitl Gálvez of the opposition alliance Frente Amplio. If a man’s independent candidacy is not consolidated before the election, polls suggest that one of the two will be president. This is an unprecedented event in the country, which can be added to the list of Latin American countries managed or ruled by women.
In 2022, the list of countries with female presidents grew, with Xiomara Castro in Honduras – elected in 2021 – and Dina Boluarte in Peru – through constitutional succession after the ouster of Pedro Castillo – taking over as their respective heads of state. In both cases, it was the first time a woman held the post.
At this time, 34 women in 31 countries in the world hold positions of government or heads of government. UN. At the current rate, gender equality in the highest positions of power will be achieved in only 130 years, UN Women has calculated.
In our region, the group of countries without female presidents is smaller than those with female rulers, but executive positions are still mostly held by men.
Countries in Latin America that do not yet have female presidents
Colombia – There is currently one Vice President: Francia Marquez.
Mexico – It could have its first female president in 2024.
Dominican Republic – It is currently Vice President: Rahul Pena.
Uruguay – It currently has a Vice President: Beatrice Archimon.
Venezuela – It currently has one Vice President: Delsey Rodriguez.
For the rest of the Spanish-speaking world, this is worth mentioning Spain There has never been a woman president in government America A woman has never been president. Currently, both countries have female vice presidents: Kamala Harris in the United States and Yolanda Díaz in Spain.
Latin American countries have had female presidents
Maria Estela Martinez de Peron (1974-1976)
Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner (2007-2015)
Lydia Quiler Tejada (1979-1980)
Jeanine Anez (2019-2020)
Dilma Rousseff (2011-2016)
Michael Bachlett (2006-2010 and 2014-2018)
Laura Chinchilla (2010-2014)
Rosalia Arteaga (1997)
Eartha Pascal-Trouillot (1990-1991)
Xiomara Castro (2022 – Incumbent)
Violeta Barrios of Chamorro (1990-1997)
Mireya Moscoso (1999-2004)
Tina Polwarte (2022 – Incumbent)